Atlanta Georgian Newspaper April to August 1913
The three major newspaper dailies of Atlanta competed for coverage of what soon became the case of Leo Frank, just two days after the murder of Mary Phagan. These press organs had an oligopoly over news in the capital city of Georgia, they were the Journal, Constitution and Georgian. Neophyte Journalist Britt Craig of 'Atlanta Constitution' fame got the scoop and broke the story of Mary Phagan's murder, but Hearst's 'Atlanta Georgian' quickly seized the case with Yellow Journalist's fever.
Presented to you here is a complete collection of Atlanta Georgian newspaper articles about the Frank-Phagan affair from April to August of 1913, as they competed for coverage of the Mary Phagan murder investigation with the Atlanta Constitution.
Never before published anywhere else on the Internet, except here first, one can now follow the Frank-Phagan legal drama, day-by-day, from the early investigation, including the rarely talked about Coroner's Inquest, to the Grand Jury hearing, and sensational Trial.
Atlanta had three major daily newspapers competing with each other for news coverage!
For the Leo Frank Case in
1. The Atlanta Constitution Newspaper from 1913 to 1915.
2. The Atlanta Georgian newspaper covering the Leo Frank Case from April though August, 1913.
3. The Atlanta Journal Newspaper, April, 28, 1913, through till the end of August, 1913, pertaining to the Leo Frank Case.
The most sensational criminal trial in the history of the American South, reached its apogee, when Leo Frank made a newfangled admission on the witness stand that his detractors believe mounted to a Murder Trial Confession, on August 18, 1913
The prosecution presented the case Leo Frank had murdered Mary Phagan in the metal room shortly after she arrived at the factory. Leo Frank reveals he may have "unconsciously" gone to the bathroom in the metal room to counter Monteen Stover's early testimony at the trial that he (Frank) was not in his inner or outer office from 12:05 p.m. to 12:10 p.m. on April 26, 1913. This was the exact time Leo Frank had told Atlanta police (State's Exhibit B, April 28, 1913, August 2, 1913 Atlanta Constitution has Q and A) that he was inside his office alone with Mary Phagan. Jim Conley had also testified early in the trial to having found Mary Phagan dead in the bathroom area (toilets) of the metal room at the behest of Leo Frank, and this was all before Leo Frank made his startling new revelation. Why would Leo Frank reveal such a fact about his location after hearing the testimony of Stover and Conley? Oddly enough only the Atlanta Journal mentioned the potty break in the metal room. The other two newspapers (Constitution & Georgian) did not reveal the significance of Frank's toilet break at the scene of the crime during the crucial moments.
Leo Frank stated to the jury:
Now gentlemen [of the Jury], to the best of my recollection from the time the whistle blew for twelve o’clock [noon on Saturday, April 26, 1913] until after a quarter to one [12:46 p.m.] when I went up stairs and spoke to Arthur White and Harry Denham [at the rear of the fourth floor], to the best of my recollection, I did not stir out of the inner office [located at the front of the second floor]; but it is possible that in order to answer a call of nature [need to poop] or to urinate I may have gone to the toilet [located in the metal room at the rear of the second floor]. Those are things that a man does unconsciously and cannot tell how many times nor when he does it (Leo Frank Trial Statement, August 18, Brief of Evidence, 1913).
Frank also stated that the door to his 4 ft. tall safe was open in his outer office and that this might have prevented Monteen Stover from seeing him seated in his inner office (see factory 2D & 3D diagrams in exhibits of trial brief in Leo Frank GA Supreme Court Records).
More excellent books and reading on the subject include:
0. The Leo Frank Case (Mary Phagan) Inside Story of Georgia's Greatest Murder Mystery 1913 - The first neutral book written on the subject. Very interesting read.
1. The Murder of Little Mary Phagan by Mary Phagan Kean (Available here on www.Archive.org). Written by Mary Phagan Kean, the great grand niece of Mary Phagan. A neutral account of the events surrounding the trial of Leo Frank. The Murder of Little Mary Phagan is well worth reading and it is a refreshing change from the endless number of Jewish and contemporary books turning the Leo Frank case into a neurotic anti-Semitism obsessed tabloid controversy.
2. American State Trials, volume X (1918) by John Lawson. Tends to be biased in favor of Leo Frank and his legal defense team, this document provides an abridged version of the Brief of Evidence (BOE), leaving out some important things said about specific details when it republishes parts of the trial testimony. Be sure to read the closing arguments of Luther Zeigler Rosser (Governor John Slaton's law partner), Reuben Rose Arnold, Frank Arthur Hooper and Hugh Manson Dorsey.For a more complete version of the Leo M. Frank trial testimony, read the 1913 murder trial brief of evidence and you can see what was left out.
3. Argument of Hugh M. Dorsey in the Trial of Leo Frank (Available here on www.archive.org). Some but not all of the 9 hours of arguments given to the Jury at the end of the Leo Frank trial by the district attorney, Solicitor General Hugh M. Dorsey. Only a small handful of libraries in the United States have copies of this essential book. This valediction is required reading to see how Dorsey, in sales vernacular, 'closed' a jury of 12 men and the presiding Judge Leonard Strickland Roan. Judge Roan would resoundingly reject Leo Frank's appeal for a new trial on 107 grounds, but give his former law partner Luther Rosser a business courtesy, orally stating he wasn't sure of Leo Frank's innocence or guilt, thus paving the way for his client to appeal to the GA supreme court.
4. Leo M. Frank, Plaintiff in Error, vs. State of Georgia, Defendant in Error. In Error from Fulton Superior Court at the July Term 1913, Brief of Evidence. Extremely rare, only a small handful of official copies exists, and they are housed at the Georgia State Archive. You can see the high resolution versions of the trial exhibits in Leo Frank's Georgia Supreme Court Records (link below).
Three Major Atlanta Dailies: The Atlanta Constitution (morning newspaper), The Atlanta Journal (evening newspaper), The Atlanta Georgian (Hearst's Yellow Journalism would release extras all day long), The most relevant reports center around April 28th to August 27th 1913. Be sure to read the trial question and answer portions
5. Atlanta Constitution, Morning Newspaper: The Murder of Mary Phagan, Coroner's Inquest, Grand Jury, Investigation, Trail, Appeals, Shanking and Lynching of Leo Frank Case in the Atlanta Constitution Newspaper from 1913 to 1915. http://archive.org/details/LeoFrankCaseInTheAtlantaConstitutionNewspaper1913To1915
6. The Atlanta Georgian, All Day Newspaper (Extras) covering the Leo Frank Case from April though August, 1913. http://archive.org/details/AtlantaGeorgianNewspaperAprilToAugust1913
7. The Atlanta Journal, Evening Newspaper, April, 28, 1913, through till the end of August, 1913, pertaining to the Leo Frank Case: http://archive.org/details/AtlantaJournalApril281913toAugust311913
Leo Frank confirms his August 18, 1913 trial statement that he might have been in the metal-room bathroom (toilets) at the time Monteen Stover said his office was empty.
Read the Atlanta Constitution, Monday, March 9, 1914, Leo Frank's Authorized Jailhouse Interview
Future U.S. Senator from Georgia Tom Watson
8. Tom Watson's Jeffersonian Newspaper (1914, 1915, 1916 and 1917) and Watson's Jeffersonian Magazine: Watson's Magazine, January 1915, Watson's Magazine, March 1915; Watson's Magazine, August 1915, Watson's Magazine, September 1915, and Watson's Magazine, October of 1915. (Available here on www.Archive.org).
Tom Watson's best work on the Leo M. Frank case was published in his magazine issues, August and September 1915. Watson's five major magazine works written collectively on the Leo M. Frank topic, provide logical arguments confirming the guilt of Leo M. Frank with the superb reasoning of a seasoned genius lawyer.
These five 1915 works are absolutely required reading for anyone interested in the Leo M. Frank Case. Tom Watson's magazine publications surged from 30,000 to 100,000 copies, when he became involved in the Leo Frank case. These magazines are extremely rare, expensive and very difficult to acquire. Over the decades and generations, Frankites had been removing them from college libraries and presumably destroying them. Read them to find out why the Jewish community holds such hatred and vitriol for Tom Watson.
8.1. The Leo Frank Case By Tom Watson (January 1915) Watson's Magazine Volume 20 No. 3. See page 139 for the Leo Frank Case. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga., Digital Source: The Internet Archive www.Archive.org
8.2. The Full Review of the Leo Frank Case By Tom Watson (March 1915) Volume 20. No. 5. See page 235 for 'A Full Review of the Leo Frank Case'. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga., Digital Source: The Internet Archive www.Archive.org
8.3. The Celebrated Case of The State of Georgia vs. Leo Frank By Tom Watson (August 1915) Volumne 21, No 4. See page 182 for 'The Celebrated Case of the State of Georgia vs. Leo Frank". Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga., Digital Source: The Internet Archive www.Archive.org
8.4. The Official Record in the Case of Leo Frank, Jew Pervert By Tom Watson (September 1915) Volume 21. No. 5. See page 251 for 'The Official Record in the Case of Leo Frank, Jew Pervert'. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga., Digital Source: The Internet Archive www.Archive.org
8.5. The Rich Jews Indict a State! The Whole South Traduced in the Matter of Leo Frank By Tom Watson (October 1915) Volume 21. No. 6. See page 301. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga., Digital Source: The Internet Archive www.Archive.org
Tom Watson's Jeffersonian Weekly Newspaper
9. The archive of Tom E. Watson Digital Papers, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, contains the full collection of Jeffersonian Newspapers: http://www.lib.unc.edu/dc/watson
Leo Frank cult members (known as Frankites) are posing as neutral reviewers and attempting to convince people not to read Tom Watson's analysis about the Frank-Phagan affair. Watson's analysis of the case is the controversial forbidden fruit of truth that have been censored for more than 100 years. For a nearly complete selection of:
Tom Watson's Jeffersonian newspaper articles related to the Murder of Mary Phagan and Leo Frank Case. Tom Watson discusses the Leo Frank Case in his Newspapers from March, 1914 to 1917.
Tom Watson Brown, Distant Descendant of Thomas Edward Watson
10. Notes on the Case of Leo M. Frank, By Tom W. Brown, Emery University, Atlanta, Georgia, 1982. Marred by a few errors, like the Phagan bitemark hoax, it is otherwise very sound.
Leo Frank Subornation of Perjury Scandal Georgia Supreme Court Archive (MUST READ):
11. Leo Frank Trial and Appeals Georgia Supreme Court File (1,800 pages). http://archive.org/details/leo-frank-georgia-supreme-court-case-records-1913-1914
These 1913 newspapers appeared online first at www.Archive.org
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